The Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), 15 U.S.C. Â§Â§ 6501-6508, was passed in 1998. The issue of children’s privacy is being debated again. The Federal Trade Commission, which heldÂ a roundtable on childrenâ€™s online privacy protections last year in Washington, D.C.,Â is now seeking public comments on proposed amendments to the Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection (COPPA) Rule, which implements the 1998 act.
At First Monday, researchers Danah Boyd, Eszter Hargittai, Jason Schultz, and John Palfrey have published an article concerning kids and privacy: “Why parents help their children lie to Facebook about age:Â Unintended consequences of the ‘Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection Act.‘” Here’s the abstract:
Facebook, like many communication services and social media sites, uses its Terms of Service (ToS) to forbid children under the age of 13 from creating an account. Such prohibitions are not uncommon in response to the Childrenâ€™s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), which seeks to empower parents by requiring commercial Web site operators to obtain parental consent before collecting data from children under 13. Given economic costs, social concerns, and technical issues, most generalâ€“purpose sites opt to restrict underage access through their ToS. Yet in spite of such restrictions, research suggests that millions of underage users circumvent this rule and sign up for accounts on Facebook.
Given strong evidence of parental concern about childrenâ€™s online activity, this raises questions of whether or not parents understand ToS restrictions for children, how they view childrenâ€™s practices of circumventing age restrictions, and how they feel about childrenâ€™s access being regulated. In this paper, we provide survey data that show that many parents know that their underage children are on Facebook in violation of the siteâ€™s restrictions and that they are often complicit in helping their children join the site. Our data suggest that, by creating a context in which companies choose to restrict access to children, COPPA inadvertently undermines parentsâ€™ ability to make choices and protect their childrenâ€™s data. Our data have significant implications for policyâ€“makers, particularly in light of ongoing discussions surrounding COPPA and other ageâ€“based privacy laws.